Murder, Divorce, Adultery, and a New Ethic

This sermon was prepared for the community of Wesley United for their Sunday morning service on February 12th, 2017. The Lectionary readings for the day were Deuteronomy 30:15–20, Psalm 119:1–8
1, Corinthians 3:1–9, and Matthew 5:21–37 (Epiphany 6).

When seminarians dream of their first pulpit supply, this is not the passage they think of.  Murder.  Divorce.  Adultery.  And oath keeping.  Our gospel passage today is a difficult one.  And, it seems to be such a different tone to last week’s Gospel reading, where Jesus proclaimed that we are salt and light.

This passage is a teaching on Jewish law, covering topics that were hotly debated by different Jewish sects who were Jesus’ contemporaries.  In fact, the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew is the largest section we have of Jesus’ teaching on Torah and gives us the greatest insight into Jesus as a rabbi–as a Jewish teacher.

Now to understand Jesus’ teaching on Torah we must also understand the basis of Jewish law.  Our lectionary helpfully pairs a passage from Deuteronomy with this gospel passage, shedding light on the purpose, or ethos, the Law.

At this point in the story of Deuteronomy, Moses has gathered all of the Israelites at Moab: the leaders of the tribes, elders, and officials, all the men of Israel, their children, women, and the aliens who live in the camp, and the slaves.[1]  He is renewing the covenant God made with Israel and is explaining to the people what is required of them.

If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I am commanding you today, by loving the Lord your God, walking in his ways, and observing his commandments, decrees, and ordinances, then you shall live and become numerous, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to possess[2]

Moses calls the Israelites to embrace the Law not just as a legal document but as a way of life.  It is also a call to follow it by virtue of a deep and abiding love of God.  We hear a call to live out the Commandments, but also a call to right-living.  “By loving the Lord your God” and” walking in his ways.

The Hebrew word for Law is Torah, which means “the way”.  To follow God’s Law is to follow God’s way.

Now, returning to our Matthew passage, we hear Jesus discussing some of the Laws of Torah.  However, he moves beyond mere legal precedent and shares some pretty outlandish instructions, and they can be hard to swallow.

Jesus suggests that meditation on a sinful action is as bad as completing that action.  Let me tell you, friends, this particular teaching used to haunt me as a child.  Churches have succeeded in terrifying people, in convincing them that they are bad, sinful, people because an unkind thought, an angry response, or a primal urge has fluttered through their mind.

So. Why does Jesus seem to insist that a sinful thought is as damning as committing a sinful action?

I would suggest to you that the dramatic language of Jesus speaks to the concept we read about in the prophetic writings.  Isaiah 57 speaks of those who are humble with contrite hearts.  It is in the prophetic writings we see a movement that advances the concept of not just obedience to the Law but also a shaping of our inner self to God’s ethic.  Jesus, then, does not allow his listeners to get away with merely following the rules.

Last week we heard Jesus said, “I have not come to abolish but fulfill the Law”.  He did not come to reject the teachings of the Hebrew Scriptures but to re-orient the children of God back toward the heart of God.  As he tells us later in Matthew 22:

“‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the greatest and first commandment. And a second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.[3]

To love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. And, to love your neighbor as yourself.  With this lens, we hear the words of our gospel passage as instructions to commit ourselves, to commit our lives, to the love of God and to love of God’s creation.

In the first few verses in our gospel passage, we read that he calls us not to simply pat ourselves on the back because we have not murdered, but to seek reconciliation within our community.

He calls us not to merely live lives where we honor our vows, but to think seriously about the things in our lives that prevent us from honouring those vows.  He encourages us to actively remove those barriers, or to question our motives before we enter into contract with one another.

Jesus calls us to take responsibility for our own sinfulness.  The Greek word for sin is Hamartia, meaning a “turning away of the mind”.  He calls us to take responsibility for our own desires, our greed, our anger.  Jesus doesn’t say if you lust after a woman tell her that her skirt is too short!  No, instead he calls us to take responsibility for our own lust.

The Law of Moses was always more than just rules.  It was, and is, about living a life of integrity.  Certainly, this is what Jesus calls us to; to live with our minds turned towards God’s way.

And, today is the first week of Black History month in North America and our Church.  For Black folks in our communities, this month is one of remembrance and celebration.  For those of us who are White, whose past and present realities benefitted from the centuries of subjugation of Black people, it is also a time of confession.

White society, our ancestors, my ancestors, did not live their lives with integrity when it came to their Black siblings.  We did not take responsibility for our own greed, anger, and fear.  And, now, though we don’t commit the same actions of racism that our ancestors did, our hearts are still hard.  We continue to live in a world where systemic racism is a present reality.

We must continue to question, challenge, and most importantly listen.  To listen, to reconcile, and work to reshape ourselves, and our society, from the inside out.

In the following weeks we will hear the continuation of this sermon, and the instructions Jesus gives on how to shape our lives to be an inward reflection of a God-inspired ethic.  Thereby shaping our actions to be an outward reflection of this same God.

And, I challenge, as you go about your week.  To reflect on the ways you invite God into your daily life.  How you allow God to mold your inner self in God’s ways.  Ask yourself:  Where do you feel Jesus’ words challenging you?  Who do you need to reconcile with?  Where, do you need God’s redemption and strength. For, I assure you, friends, that this God of justice and love: waits for you to draw, as God waits to draw close to you.

[1] Deut. 29:10-11 NRSV

[2] Deut. 30:16 NRSV

[3] Matt. 22:37-40

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